Parks keep our bodies healthy
Benefit #2 - Parks in Lethbridge contribute to our physical health
The physical health benefits of parks and natural areas have been demonstrated by numerous research studies. A recent (2014) study published in the Preventative Medicine Journal found that adults with access to urban park spaces of adequate size and condition (e.g. cleanliness) had generally lower body mass index (BMI) scores.2 These findings were further supported by a qualitative evaluation and analysis of 28 neighbourhood parks in Montreal. The findings linked neighbourhoods with generally poor health to those with poor or inadequate parks spaces.3
Research also suggests that children with convenient access to park spaces will have significantly improved long term health. A 10 year longitudinal study of 3,000 children in California found that children who grew up in close proximity (<550 yards) to parks and recreation facilities had a lower average Body Mass Index at age 18.4
While parks are often associated with passive activities, research also indicates that parks play a key role in encouraging more vigorous levels of physical activity in people of all ages.
- Park spaces have been attributed with providing up to 50% of vigorous physical activity time for those individuals living within 0.5 miles of a park5.
- A study of physical activity levels in London, Ontario identified that young girls living near a park equipped with lighting contributed to an extra 20 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity outside of the school environment over a six day period.6
- A study of seniors who used a park found that the majority (69%) report moderate to vigorous activity.7
2 Stark, James H et al. (2014). The Impact of Neighborhood Park Access and Quality on Body Mass Index Among Adults in New York City. Preventive Medicine. In Press, Manuscript Accepted.
3 Coen S and Ross N. “Exploring the material basis for health: characteristics of parks in Montreal neighborhoods with contrasting health outcomes.” Health & Place 12: 361 – 371, 2006
6 Cohen D, Ashwood J, Scott M, et al. “Public parks and physical activity among adolescent girls.” Pediatrics 118(5): e1381–e1389, 2006.
7 Payne L, Orsega-Smith E, Roy M and Godbey G. “Local park use and personal health among older adults: an exploratory study.” Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 23(1): 1–20, 2005.